Standards of the Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association (TEMA) Ninth (9th) Edition, November 2007, Hardcover, 296 pages

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Standards of the Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association (TEMA) Ninth (9th) Edition, November 2007, Hardcover, 296 pages

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Product Details


Publisher:  Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association (TEMA) 

Edition:  Ninth (9th) Edition

Publication Date: November 2007

Hardcover, 296 pages

Highlights


The 296 page Ninth Edition of the Standards of the Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association begins shipping on November 20, 2007. The 9th Edition retains the useful data and features found in the Eighth Edition plus many clarifications and innovations.  Several helpful recommendations received from manufacturers, users, the American Petroleum Institute (API) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) were incorporated.

Some noteworthy features of the Ninth Edition include:


· New rules for flexible shell elements (expansion joints), which are based on a Finite Element Analysis (FEA) approach

· Tables for tube hole drilling have been expanded to 3” diameter tubes
· Guidelines for performing Finite Element Analysis (FEA) had been added
· Rules for the design of shell intersections (with large nozzle to cylinder ratios) subjected to pressure and external loadings have been added
· Foreign material cross-reference linking material specifications from various international codes has been added
· Rules for the design of longitudinal baffles have been added


What is the effective date of the TEMA standards?


The Ninth edition standards are effective immediately, and were published November 20, 2007.


The Eighth edition was published in 1999.

The Seventh edition was published in 1988.

The Sixth edition was published in 1978.

The Fifth edition was published in 1968.

The Fourth edition was published in 1959.

The Third edition was published in 1952.

The Second edition was published in 1949.

The First edition was published in 1941.

 

CONTENTS 


              Symbol &

Section Paragraph 

 

MEMBERSHIP LIST....................................................................................................................................... iii 

TECHNICAL COMMITTEE............................................................................................................................iv 

PREFACE ........................................................................................................................................................v 

NOTES TO USERS..................................................................................................................................... viii

1 N NOMENCLATURE 

1 Size Numbering and Type Designation—Recommended Practice............................................... 1-1 

2 Nomenclature of Heat Exchanger Components................................................................................ 1-3

2 F FABRICATION TOLERANCES 

1 External Dimensions, Nozzle and Support Locations ...................................................................... 2-1 

2 Recommended Fabrication Tolerances .............................................................................................. 2-2 

3 Tubesheets, Partitions, Covers, and Flanges .................................................................................... 2-3 

4 Flange Face Imperfections .................................................................................................................... 2-4

3 G GENERAL FABRICATION AND PERFORMANCE INFORMATION 

1 Shop Operation........................................................................................................................................ 3-4 

2 Inspection ................................................................................................................................................. 3-4 

3 Nameplates............................................................................................................................................... 3-4 

4 Drawings and ASME Code Data Reports .......................................................................................... 3-4 

5 Guarantees............................................................................................................................................... 3-5 

6 Preparation of Heat Exchangers for Shipment.................................................................................. 3-6 

7 General Construction Features of TEMA Standard Heat Exchangers ......................................... 3-6

4 E INSTALLATION, OPERATION, AND MAINTENANCE 

1 Performance of Heat Exchangers........................................................................................................ 4-1 

2 Installation of Heat Exchangers ........................................................................................................... 4-1 

3 Operation of Heat Exchangers............................................................................................................. 4-2 

4 Maintenance of Heat Exchangers........................................................................................................ 4-4

5 RCB MECHANICAL STANDARD TEMA CLASS RCB HEAT EXCHANGERS 

1 Scope and General Requirements.................................................................................................... 5.1-1 

2 Tubes....................................................................................................................................................... 5.2-1 

3 Shells and Shell Covers...................................................................................................................... 5.3-1 

4 Baffles and Support Plates ................................................................................................................. 5.4-1 

5 Floating End Construction................................................................................................................... 5.5-1 

6 Gaskets................................................................................................................................................... 5.6-1 

7 Tubesheets............................................................................................................................................. 5.7-1 

8 Flexible Shell Elements....................................................................................................................... 5.8-1 

9 Channels, Covers, and Bonnets ....................................................................................................... 5.9-1 

10 Nozzles................................................................................................................................................. 5.10-1 

11 End Flanges and Bolting................................................................................................................... 5.11-1

6 V FLOW INDUCED VIBRATION 

1 Scope and General................................................................................................................................. 6-1 

2 Vibration Damage Patterns................................................................................................................... 6-1 

3 Failure Regions....................................................................................................................................... 6-1 

4 Dimensionless Numbers....................................................................................................................... 6-2 

5 Natural Frequency ................................................................................................................................. 6-3 

6 Axial Tube Stress.................................................................................................................................... 6-10 

7 Effective Tube Mass ............................................................................................................................... 6-10 

8 Damping .................................................................................................................................................. 6-13

9 Shell Side Velocity Distribution..............................................................................................................6-15 

10 Estimate of Critical Flow Velocity.........................................................................................................6-18 

11 Vibration Amplitude ...............................................................................................................................6-20 

12 Acoustic Vibration...................................................................................................................................6-21 

13 Design Considerations .........................................................................................................................6-25 

14 Selected References .............................................................................................................................6-27

7 T THERMAL RELATIONS

1 Scope and Basic Relations.....................................................................................................................7-1 

2 Fouling........................................................................................................................................................7-2 

3 Fluid Temperature Relations ..................................................................................................................7-3 

4 Mean Metal Temperatures of Shell and Tubes....................................................................................7-5

8 P PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS 

1 Fluid Density...............................................................................................................................................8-1 

2 Specific Heat .............................................................................................................................................8-1 

3 Heat Content .............................................................................................................................................8-2 

4 Thermal Conductivity................................................................................................................................8-2 5

Viscosity .........................................................................................................................................................8-2 

6 Critical Properties .....................................................................................................................................8-3 

7 Properties of Gas and Vapor Mixtures...................................................................................................8-3 

8 Selected References ...............................................................................................................................8-4

9 D GENERAL INFORMATION 

(See detailed Table of Contents)...............................................................................................................9-1

10 RGP RECOMMENDED GOOD PRACTICE 

G-7.11 Horizontal Vessel Supports ........................................................................................................10-2 

G-7.12 Vertical Vessel Supports .............................................................................................................10-6 

G-7.2 Lifting Lugs ......................................................................................................................................10-9 

G-7.3 Wind and Seismic Design.............................................................................................................10-13 

RCB-2 Plugging Tubes in Tube Bundles...............................................................................................10-13 

RCB-4 Entrance and Exit Areas..............................................................................................................10-14 

RCB-7 Tubesheets....................................................................................................................................10-19 

RCB-10 Nozzles........................................................................................................................................10-20 

RCB-11 End Flanges and Bolting .........................................................................................................10-24 

RCB-12 Finite Element Analysis Guidelines ......................................................................................10-25 

T-2 Fouling..................................................................................................................................................10-26

Appendix A – Tubesheets ........................................................................................................................ A-1

INDEX .......................................................................................................................................................... Index 

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