Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture: Prospects for the 21st Century, 1st Edition, Editor(s): Arie Altman, Paul Michael Hasegawa, Published Date: 08 Nov 2011, ISBN: 9780123814661, Academic Press, Hardcover

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Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture: Prospects for the 21st Century, 1st Edition, Editor(s): Arie Altman, Paul Michael Hasegawa, Published Date: 08 Nov 2011, ISBN: 9780123814661, Academic Press, Hardcover

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Product Details


Hardcover: 624 pages

Publisher: Academic Press; 1 edition (November 22, 2011)

Language: English

ISBN-10: 0123814669

ISBN-13: 978-0123814661

Product Dimensions: 10.9 x 8.6 x 1.4 inches

Shipping Weight: 4.8 pounds

 

Key Features


- Includes specific emphasis on the inter-relationships between basic plant biotechnologies and applied agricultural applications, and the way they contribute to each other

- Provides an updated review of the major plant biotechnology procedures and techniques, their impact on novel agricultural development and crop plant improvement

- Takes a broad view of the topic with discussions of practices in many countries

 

Description

 

As the oldest and largest human intervention in nature, the science of agriculture is one of the most intensely studied practices. From manipulation of plant gene structure to the use of plants for bioenergy, biotechnology interventions in plant and agricultural science have been rapidly developing over the past ten years with immense forward leaps on an annual basis.

 

This book begins by laying the foundations for plant biotechnology by outlining the biological aspects including gene structure and expression, and the basic procedures in plant biotechnology of genomics, metabolomics, transcriptomics and proteomics. It then focuses on a discussion of the impacts of biotechnology on plant breeding technologies and germplasm sustainability. The role of biotechnology in the improvement of agricultural traits, production of industrial products and pharmaceuticals as well as biomaterials and biomass provide a historical perspective and a look to the future. Sections addressing intellectual property rights and sociological and food safety issues round out the holistic discussion of this important topic.

 

Readership

 

researchers in genetics, biology, biotechnology and plant science; agricultural engineers, environmental biologists, environmental engineers, food scientists, and environmental microbiologists; graduate and post-doctoral students in these areas of science.

 

Table of Contents

 

Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture, 1st Edition

 

Preface

Introduction: The scope of plant biotechnology and its impact on agriculture 

Introduction to basic procedures in plant biotechnology

2.1 Gene structure and isolation

2.2 Control of gene expression and silencing

2.3 Protein targeting and expression

2.4 Plant genomics and transcriptomics

2.5 Plant proteomics

2.6 Plant metabolomics

2.7 Other omics

2.8 Genome sequencing, models for developing synteny maps

2.9 Agrobacterium-mediated plant transformation

2.10 Other technologies of plant transformation

2.11 Plant tissue culture

Breeding biotechnologies

3.1 Somatic (asexual) genetics procedures (haploids, protoplasts, cell selection)

3.2 Marker-assisted selection

3.3 Genetic engineering/transformation

Plant germplasm

4.1 Micropropagation

4.2 Generation of pathogen-free plants

4.3 Germplasm storage and preservation

4.4 Forward and reverse genetic approaches, including advances in identifying and exploiting natural variation

Controlling plant response to the environment: Abiotic stress

5.1 Drought and salinity, ion homeostasis and water use

5.2 Extreme temperatures, chilling and freezing, and high temperature stress

5.3 Pollutants, heavy metal toxicity, phytoremediation

Controlling plant response to the environment: Biotic stress

6.1 Fungal and microbial disease

6.2 Viral disease

6.3 Insects

6.4 Nematodes and others

6.5 Weeds

Biotechnological improvement of yield and quality traits

7.1 Shoot development, growth and architecture

7.2 Root architecture and its growth control

7.3 Flower development and control of flowering

7.4 Fruit development and ripening

7.5 Post harvest and storage of crop products (fruits, flowers, tubers, bulbs and leaves)

7.6 Seed germination and quality traits

7.7 Male-sterility and hybrid seed production

7.8 Regulation of apomixis

7.9 Modifying nutritional value of plants (primary metabolites, minerals, vitamins etc)

7.10 Modifying secondary metabolites for quality traits (volatiles, scent and aroma compounds)

Plants as factories for industrial products, pharmaceuticals and biomaterials

8.1 Vaccines and antibodies

8.2 Pharmaceutical proteins

8.3 Industrial enzymes

8.4 Natural products and metabolites

8.4 Novel plant-produced biomaterials (collagen etc.)

8.5 Bioplastics

Plants and crop residues for bioenergy

9.1 Bioenergy from current crop plants

9.2 Bioenergy from novel plant sources

9.3 Utilization of agricultural residues

Commercial, legal and public aspects

10.1 Economic considerations and commercialization of transgenic/biotechnological-improved plants

10.2 Regulation, intellectual property rights and licensing of biotechnological-improved plants

10.3 Ethical aspects and public acceptance

Prospects, limitations and sociological considerations of agricultural plant biotechnologies

11.1 What can plant biotechnology practically deliver and what it can not?

11.2 Prospects for increased food production and poverty alleviation

11.3 Crop biotechnology in developing countries: the needs, technology transfer and adoption

Concluding remarks

Appendices

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