Ballast Water Management 6th (Sixth) Edition, Author: Nadeem Anwar, Published Date: September 2015, ISBN: 9781856096904, Publisher: Witherby Seamanship International, Format: Hardcover, Pages: 206

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Ballast Water Management 6th (Sixth) Edition, Author: Nadeem Anwar, Published Date: September 2015, ISBN: 9781856096904, Publisher: Witherby Seamanship International, Format: Hardcover, Pages: 206

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Product Details


Title: Ballast Water Management 6th Edition

Subtitle: Understanding the regulations and the treatment technologies available

Author: Nadeem Anwar

Edition: Sixth

Published Date: September 2015

Publisher: Witherby Seamanship International Ltd

ISBN-10: 1856096904

ISBN-13: 978-1856096904

Format: Hardcover

Number of Pages: 206

Weight: 1.64 kg


In February 2004, the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments was adopted but has not yet been ratified. This 6th edition of the WPG Guide to Ballast Water Management (BWM) provides an up-to-date guide to the current state of international and national ballast water legislation, the requirements necessary for a ship to be compliant and the treatment options available. There is also a comprehensive and descriptive section containing those BWM systems that can be used on board ships with IMO Type Approval from a certifying body and systems accepted for use in waters of the United States. Currently ballast water exchange (BWE) is used to minimise the risk of transferring invasive organisms in ballast water, but when the BW Convention is ratified, the next stage of managing ballast water will be when the D-2 Performance Standards come into force.




This 6th edition of the book covers the key issues with ballast water management today including:


The complexities of ballast water legislation.

IMO legislation is not ratified and decisions are pending. United States regulations are in force now for some vessels discharging ballast water in US waters. There are many different BWMS that have already received IMO Type Approval, and many of these have been accepted for temporary operation in US waters, but none that are currently USCG Type Approved. The intent of a treatment system manufacturer to apply for USCG Type Approval could be an important deciding factor for a shipper in which BW system to choose.


The knowledge of what a shipowner will need to take into consideration before choosing a BWMS.

Shipowners face a difficult process of choosing a BWMS. The requirements of a vessel depend on many factors including the space on board, ballast water capacity of the vessel, amount of energy necessary to operate the system, compatibility with existing systems on board, crew safety, operating time and cost.


Planning what, where and when to install.

The retrofitting of a BWMS takes longer and is more complicated than integrating the system into a newbuild. This makes the process more expensive. Waiting too long to commit to an installation may mean that BWMS manufacturers cannot meet demand, dry-docking time is not available for installation or compliance extensions are not applied for in time. This will result in compliance schedules not being met.


The ability to remain compliant.

Since an early test for compliance by Port State Control is to check for crew knowledge and BWMS operational capability, shipowners must make sure that they and their crews understand the systems they are purchasing.


This book provides comprehensive information on the above issues and is updated to MEPC 68 decisions.






PART ONE – Introduction and Background               

CHAPTER ONE – The Issue in Recent Years    

CHAPTER TWO – The Ship as a Carrier              

2.1      Aquatic Species       

2.2      Pathogens 

2.3      Age of Ballast Water               

2.4      Ballast Tank Configuration    

PART TWO – Risk Management – Ballast Water Exchange is the First Measure           

CHAPTER THREE – Ballast Water Exchange (BWE)      

3.1      Ballast Water Exchange Operational Considerations  

3.1.1      Geographic Location Requirements   

3.1.2      Exchange Zones      

3.1.3      Satellite Remote Colour Sensing         

3.1.4      Salinity and Temperature      

3.1.5      Time Required          

3.1.6      Deviation   

3.1.7      Need for Exchange 

3.1.8      Safety Implications  

3.2      Sequential Exchange Method          

3.3      Flow Through Exchange Method     

3.4      Natural Ballast Water Exchange Method        

3.5      BWM Options Summary         

3.6      Ballast Operations Checklists               

3.7      No Ballast On Board (NOBOB) Ships              

3.8      The Ballastless Ship               

3.8.1      The Variable Buoyancy Ship

3.8.2      The Non-Ballast Water Ship  

3.9      Permissible BWM Methods               

PART THREE – Regulations           

CHAPTER FOUR – Ballast Water Management Legislation          

CHAPTER FIVE – IMO Legislation         

5.1      Legislation from the International Maritime Organization               

Application of the BWM Convention    

5.1.2      The IMO Approval Process    

5.1.3      Historical Problems 

5.1.4      Pertinent MEPC Discussions

CHAPTER SIX – Legislation from the United States        

6.1      The US Coast Guard               

6.1.1      USCG Standards for Concentration of Living Organisms in Ballast Water 

6.1.2      Approval of Ballast Water Management Systems            

6.1.3      The STEP Program 

6.1.4      ETV (Environmental Technology Verification) Program 

6.2      Environmental Protection Agency   

6.3      State Legislation      

6.3.1      Examples of US State Requirements that are more Stringent than USCG Requirements      

6.3.2      States that have Aligned with the USCG Standards         

Implementation Schedules - Factors Affecting the Schedules for IMO and USCG BW Standards      89

CHAPTER EIGHT – Local and Regional BW Regulations                97

CHAPTER NINE – The Financial Implications of BWM Legislation                105

9.1      Cost of Ballast Water Exchange       

9.1.1      Enforcement Costs  

9.2      Cost of Ballast Water Treatment Systems      

9.2.1      Port-Based Treatment             

PART FOUR – Implementation of Regulations          

CHAPTER TEN – The Port State Authority          

CHAPTER ELEVEN – Ship Administration of BWM          

11.1    The Ballast Water Management Plan             

11.1.1    Introduction               

11.1.2    Ship Particulars        

11.1.3    Index           

11.1.4    Purpose     

11.1.5    Plans/Drawings and Description of the Ballast System  

11.1.6    Additional Details     

11.1.7    Safety Procedures for the Ship and the Crew   

11.1.8    Duties of the Ballast Water Management Officer             

11.2    Ballast Water Record Book

11.3    Surveys      

11.3.1    Initial Survey             

11.3.2    Intermediate Survey

11.3.3    Annual Survey          

11.3.4    Renewal Survey       

11.4    Certification              

11.5    Ballast Water Reporting     

11.5.1    Online Reports          

11.5.2    Fax Reports               

11.5.3    Postal/Mail-in Reports             

11.6    Training     

11.6.1    Support Level           

11.6.2    Operational Level    

11.6.3    Management Level 

CHAPTER TWELVE – Port States and Port State Control (PSC)  

12.1    Existing Conditions             

12.2    Notification

12.3    Inspection, Monitoring and Enforcement       

12.3.1    IMO PSC Guidelines               

CHAPTER THIRTEEN – Ballast Water Sampling/Monitoring         

13.1    Monitoring Capability         

13.2    Arrival Ballast Conditions  

13.3    Monitoring Levels    

13.3.1    Level 1 Monitoring/Sampling

13.3.2    Level 2 Monitoring/Sampling

13.3.3    Level 3 Monitoring/Sampling

13.4    Post-Treatment Monitoring

13.5    Sampling   

13.5.1    Sampling Issues      

13.5.2    Protective Equipment              

13.6    Sediment   

13.7    Test Methods        

13.7.1    Colourimetric Test   

13.7.2    Amperometry            

13.7.3    Immunofluorescence              

13.7.4    Flow Cytometry        

13.8    Monitoring that Requires Tank Entry               

13.9    Practical Considerations for Compliance with the D-2 Standards            

CHAPTER FOURTEEN – Deposit and Exchange Facilities            

14.1    Reception Facilities             

14.1.1    Facility to Receive/Treat Ballast Water at Port   

14.1.2    Sediment Reception Facility 

PART FIVE – Regulatory Guidance               

CHAPTER FIFTEEN – Guidance on Ballasting   

CHAPTER SIXTEEN – GloBallast          

PART SIX – Treatment Systems and Operation        

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN – Introduction to Treatment Technologies            

17.1    Ballast Water Treatment System (BWTS) Requirements            

17.2    Technical Installation Issues             

17.3    Retrofit Assistance   

17.4    The Evolution of Ballast Water Treatment Systems     

17.4.1    Ownership Changes               

17.4.2    BWMS Approvals (IMO and USCG)     

17.4.3    BWMS Upgrades     

CHAPTER EIGHTEEN – Physical Separation, Thermal, Ultraviolet and Plasma Technologies            

18.1    Physical Separation            

18.1.1    The Hydrocyclone    

18.1.2    Screen Filtration       

18.1.3    Disc Filtration            

18.1.4    Limitations and Advantages of Physical Separation       

18.2    Heat Treatment Technology             

18.2.1    Limitations and Advantages of Heat Treatment Technology         

18.3    Ultraviolet Radiation/Advanced Oxidation Technology               

18.3.1    Limitations and Advantages of UV Radiation Technology             

18.4    Plasma Technology

CHAPTER NINETEEN – Deoxygenation, Magnetic and Ultrasonic/Cavitation Technologies               

19.1    Deoxygenation/Supersaturation Technology

19.1.1    Limitations and Advantages of Deoxygenation Technology          

19.2    Magnetic/Electric Fields Technology               

19.3    Ultrasonic and Hydrodynamic Cavitation Technology

19.3.1    Ultrasonic Technology            

19.3.2    Hydrodynamic Cavitation Technology

CHAPTER TWENTY – Chemical, Biocide and Electrochemical Technologies         

20.1    Chemical and Biocide Technology 

20.1.1    Limitations and Advantages of Chemical and Biocide Technology             

20.1.2    Types of Biocide      

20.1.3    Oxidising Biocide Residues  

20.1.4    Sodium Hypochlorite (NaClO)              

20.1.5    Peroxygen Compounds         

20.1.6    Ozone (O3

20.1.7    Glutaraldehyde         

20.1.8    Menadione

20.1.9    Acrolein      

20.1.10  Chlorine Dioxide (ClO2)         

20.2    Electrochemical Technology            

PART SEVEN – Components and Data Sheets         

CHAPTER TWENTY ONE – Filter Components used in the Assembly of a BWTS   

21.1    Screen Filtration  

21.1.1    The BOLLFILTER Automatic Filter Type 6.18.3C              

21.1.2    Filtrex ACB® Filters  

21.1.3    The Filtersafe® BS-Series Filters          

21.1.4    The Krone Filter KAF Bernoulli Filters  

21.1.5    MossHydro Filters    

21.1.6    HYDAC Filters           

21.1.7    Amiad Omega Series Filters 

21.2    Disc Filtration            

21.2.1    The Spin Klin® Automatic Disc Filter   

CHAPTER TWENTY TWO – BW Systems with No Active Substances (G8)               

22.1    Ultraviolet and Filter Systems               

22.2    Ultraviolet and Pressure Vacuum Systems        

22.3    UV Systems              

22.4    Filtration BWT Systems          

22.5    Deoxygenation with Inert Gas               

CHAPTER TWENTY THREE – BW Systems using Active Substances (G9)              

23.1    Chemical Biocide Systems   

23.2    Electrolysis Systems               

23.3    Electrolysis Systems with Ozone          

23.4    Ozone Systems        

23.5    Advanced Oxidation Systems               

23.6    Ultraviolet and Plasma Systems          

23.7    Ultraviolet and Ozone Systems            

23.8    Unconventional BWM Systems            

CHAPTER TWENTY FOUR – Status of Systems               


1         Key Invasive Species         

1.1       The European Green Crab (Carcinus maenas)

1.2       Asian Kelp (Undaria pinnatifida) also known as Wakame              

1.3       Fishhook Water Flea (Cercopagis pengoi)         

1.4       Chinese Mitten Crab (Eriocheir sinensis) also known as the Shanghai Hairy Crab              

1.5       Northern Pacific Sea Star (Asterias amurensis) also known as the Flatbottom Sea Star

1.6       Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha)               

1.7       Round Goby (Neogobius melanostomus)          

1.8       North American Comb Jelly (Mnemiopsis leidyi)              

1.9       Toxic Algae (Producing Harmful Algal Blooms) (various species)               

2         Cholera (Vibrio cholerae) (various strains)    


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